Know about the Pre-menopause and Perimenopause

Early Menopause is a phase in a woman’s life when natural menstruation stops, as female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) are no longer produced by the ovaries. It usually occurs between 48 and 51 years of age.

Climacteric and menopause:

The climacteric is the scientific name given to the transition period in which the woman moves from the reproductive phase (menstrual cycle) to the non-reproductive phase (post-menopause).

Thus, menopause is a fact that occurs during the climacteric, in which there is a decrease in ovarian functions, causing menstrual cycles to become irregular until they cease completely.

How old is menstruation starts to fail?

It is common for menstruation to fail about 5 times until it stops completely. These failures usually start around the age of 40. Menopause itself is more common from the age of 45.

Early menopause:

On the other hand, Premenopausal can also occur, which is when menstruation stops before age 40. The cause is, for the most part, unknown. Some scientists believe that it can be genetic, autoimmune, infectious, or iatrogenic (after radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery).

Pre-menopause:

The following are some of the Pre-menopause symptoms:

- Irritability or anxiety
- Tender breast
- Cramps
- Nausea
- Depression
- Bloating
- Mood swings 

Pre-menopause is the period in which the woman's body prepares itself to be no longer fertile, characterized by the reduction of hormone production.

It is the climacteric phase, which begins around the age of 40, when the woman is still menstruating, and lasts, on average, from 6 to 8 years. Pre-menopause is asymptomatic and, when symptoms begin, the perimenopause phase begins.

Perimenopause:

Perimenopause is the period that includes pre-menopause and the first year of post-menopause. In general, it is during this phase that the first symptoms of the climacteric begin - menstrual irregularity, followed by heat and changes in sleep and mood - and it ends when a year without menstruation is completed.

Perimenopause symptoms:

The following are some of the Perimenopause symptoms:

- Hot flashes
- Lower sex drive
- Fatigue
- Vaginal dryness
- Mood swings
- Breast tenderness
- Irregular periods
- Urine leakage when sneezing or coughing
- Trouble sleeping

Postmenopause:

Post menopause starts one year after the last menstruation and lasts until the end of life. During the initial period (which lasts up to 5 years) - and more often in the late phase - osteoporosis and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease may occur.

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Keywords

Menopause , Perimenopause , Signs of Menopause

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